Cover Story

Red October in retrospect

Print edition : December 22, 2017

October 26, 1917: Lenin addressing workers at Red Square, Moscow. Photo: Colour by Klimbim

The deposed Tsar Nicholas II sits on a tree stump on the grounds of Tsarskoe Selo, the emperor’s residence outside St. Petersburg. Three of the soldiers who held him captive stand in the background. This photograph, provided by the Russian State Documentary Film and Photo Archive, was taken in the spring-summer of 1917. Photo: AP

Tsar Nicholas II with his wife and five children.

Crowds on Nevsky Prospekt in St Petersburg during the February Revolution, which led to the Bolshevik Revolution and the overthrow of the monarchy. Photo: Slava Katamidze Collection/Getty Images

1918: Leon Trotsky attends a parade in Red Square, Moscow, as Lenin reviews his troops. Photo: Getty Images

Rosa Luxemburg. She was murdered in 1919 by fascist goons hired by the social democratic government of Weimar Germany.

With the October Revolution, the locus of the revolutionary dynamic began to shift towards the East and more generally towards lands that were struggling against imperialism. This symbiosis between communism and anti-imperialism may well turn out to be the more lasting legacy of Red October.

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