Northern Africa

Uprisings and downturn

Print edition : November 28, 2014

Beji Caid Essebsi, the 87-year-old leader of Nida Tunis, the party of the old order. He was the Foreign Affairs Minister under Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Photo: BECHIR BETTAIEB/AFP

A protest following the assassination of the leftist leader Chokri Belaid, in his home town Jandouba, north-western Tunisia, on February 16, 2013. Photo: AFP

An armed motorcade belonging to the Islamic Youth Council, consisting of former members of militias, in the town of Derna, eastern Libya, on October 3. The group has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State. Photo: REUTERS

The rise of jehadi currents in the Sinai peninsula allowed Egypt’s President Abdul Fateh El-Sisi to use state power against any perceived threats, which include press freedom and the right to protest. Three Al Jazeera journalists have spent almost a year in prison. Photo: AFP

In Egypt, activists such as the siblings Alaa Abdel Fattah and Sanaa Seif have been sentenced to three years in prison. Photo: Hassan Ammar/AP

The wave of Tahrir has crashed hard. Libya spins into chaos, Egypt into the vice of military power, while Tunisia voted in the social classes that had been overthrown in 2011.
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