Eugene Garfield

Science watcher and entrepreneur

Print edition : March 31, 2017

Eugene Garfield. Photo:

About one half of 1 per cent of cited papers were cited over 200 times. Out of about 38 million source items, about half were not cited at all. Only 5,000 papers were cited over 1,000 times, which Garfield called "super citation classics".

Eugene Garfield (1925-2017), who is regarded as the founder of the field of scientometrics, developed the Science Citation Index and a journal-ranking parameter and created the Web of Science database. He was, in many ways, the first entrepreneur of the information age.
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