Trade with South Asia

Trade with neighbours

Print edition :
The contours of India's business ties with its South Asian neighbours are changing and Bangladesh has emerged as its largest trading partner.

India’s trade with its seven South Asian neighbours has been undergoing a significant shift in the past five years, the most notable development being the rise of Bangladesh as its largest trading partner.

According to an analysis by the Department of Commerce, imports into the country from South Asian nations have not shown any substantial increase from 2012-13 to 2016-17, except in 2014-15 when they rose by 19 per cent, but exports from India have been rising steadily for the most part. India has consistently maintained a substantial trade surplus with South Asia over the period.

Imports into the country totalled $2.68 billion in 2012-13 and $2.81 billion in 2016-17, while exports grew from $15.11 billion in 2012-13 to $19.10 billion in 2016-17.

As per 2016-17 data, Bangladesh is India’s largest trading partner in South Asia, followed by Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Maldives.

Indian exports also follow the same pattern: 83 per cent of the total exports in South Asia were made to Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, with Bangladesh alone accounting for 35 per cent.

The country’s export basket to South Asia is quite diverse, from engineering products (33 per cent), textile and textile products (20 per cent), mineral products (14 per cent) and chemicals and allied products (11 per cent).

The total bilateral trade with Bangladesh increased by 9.9 per cent to $7.4 billion in 2016-17. India's exports to Bangladesh have been posting a healthy growth, climbing from $5.14 billion in 2012-13 to $6.73 billion in 2016-17. India’s importance to Bangladesh as a trading partner is underscored by the fact that it served as the source of 14 per cent of that country's imports in the calendar year 2016.