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COVER STORY

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26-08-2022

India@75 - At a milestone (August 26, 2022)

Independence Day Special.

Briefing

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1951-52: First ever general election

India
Conducted over a period of four months, a total of 17.3 crore voters were registered.
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India at 75 | Timeline: Cinema

Cinema
Indian cinema never wavered from its role as cultural unifier.
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India at 75 | Timeline: Art

Art
It overcame a colonial hangover to create a unique and vibrant place for itself.
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India at 75 | Timeline: Gender

Gender
Gender continues to be a deeply contested and unjust space.
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India at 75 | Timeline: Environment

Environment
There have been innumerable hurdles, but the battle remains spirited.
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India at 75 | Timeline: Science

Science & Technology
Tracking India’s remarkable progress through milestones in its scientific journey.
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letters

Letters
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India at 75 | Timeline: Labour

Social Issues
Working-class movements played a key role in giving an impetus to the national movement.
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2021: Death of Stan Swamy

India
His death marked the lowest point in the judicial process of the Bhima Koregaon case.
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1991: Coming of satellite television

India
The fight for TRPs resulted in channels adding more and more programmes.
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2019: Special status of Jammu and Kashmir revoked

India
The erstwhile State was also bifurcated into two Union Territories—J&K and Ladakh.
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2016: Demonetisation

Economy
The government was not prepared to handle the mayhem that followed the announcement.
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2012: Nirbhaya case

India
The memory continues to sear the conscience of Indians.
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2020: Farmers take the country by storm

Agriculture
It showed how a peaceful and democratic protest could challenge the might of the state.
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2012: Mary Kom wins Olympic medal

Sports
She had already become a sporting legend in India before winning an Olympic medal.
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1985: Shah Bano case

India
The judgment was a landmark in India’s constitutional history.
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1984: Kanshi Ram launches Bahujan Samaj Party

Politics
The Dalit cause became a political movement in north India with the BSP.
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2007: Nandigram protest

Politics
The Left in Bengal never quite managed to fully recover from the turn of incidents.
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1985: Narmada Bachao Andolan

Environment
The Narmada Valley project was conceived in 1946, but work on it started only in 1978.
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1986: Babri Masjid unlocked

India
It generated a political energy that culminated in the mosque’s ultimate destruction.
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1987: Airing of ‘Ramayan’

India
It laid the foundation for Hindu nationalism and reshaped the public sphere irrevocably.
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1989: Binaca Geetmala

India
The story of its success is that of the triumphant march of Hindi film music.
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1990: Lal Krishna Advani embarks on rath yatra

Politics
The yatra was the biggest mass mobilisation of Hindutva forces.
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1990: Anti-Mandal agitation and identity politics

Politics
The Mandal moment fragmented north Indian voters decisively on caste lines.
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1991: Economic reforms

Economy
In hindsight, India’s liberalisation has been a mix of hits and misses.
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1992: The Harshad Mehta scam

India
The securities scam introduced a bouquet of historic changes.
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1999: The Y2K moment

India
As the 1990s ended, there was panic across the world.
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1994: S.R. Bommai judgment

Politics
The case ended peremptory dismissals of State governments by an antagonistic Centre.
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1980: Prakash Padukone wins All England Championship

Sports
The year 1980 turned out to be the turning point for both Padukone and Indian sports.
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1985: Assam Accord signed

Politics
At the core of the Accord was the “Foreigners Issue”.
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1983: First Maruti 800 car rolls out

India
It was a giant leap for the collective aspirations of the Indian middle class.
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2018: Section 377 struck down

India
The Supreme Court bench placed emphasis on the dignity and choice of individuals.
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2021: COVID-19 second wave

Health
Cremation grounds and burials were so overburdened that they had to turn away bodies.
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2000: Irom Sharmila begins fast for repeal of AFSPA

India
From a normal, life-loving, gentle young woman, she became the “Iron Lady of Manipur”.
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2000: Vishy and the chess revolution

Sports
Anand is universally acknowledged as one of the greatest chess players ever.
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2002: Godhra riots

India
It is considered India’s worst riot since Partition.
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2006: Rural job scheme MGNREGA introduced

Social Justice
It is credited with enabling a second term for Manmohan Singh’s government in 2009.
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2003: Anju Bobby George wins India’s first medal in World Athletics

Sports
She was one of the most consistent performers in Indian athletics history.
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2006: Forest Rights Act

Social Justice
The main objective is to recognise the rights of the forest dwelling tribal communities.
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1982: Festival of India

India
The festivals were the first attempts to present India through Indian eyes.
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1983: India wins cricket World Cup

Sports
That day on, cricket rose from being just a popular sport to a national obsession.
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1984: P.T. Usha misses Olympic medal by a whisker

Sports
Usha galvanised an entire generation to take to track and field.
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1984: Hanging of Maqbool Bhat

India
Bhat’s body was not returned to his family, which sparked widespread fury in Kashmir.
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1984: First TV soap ‘Hum Log’ aired

India
The serial dealt deftly with issues that were prevalent at the time.
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1973: Chipko movement starts

Environment
It was successful primarily because of its simplicity and the involvement of locals.