Judicial reforms

Justice and the two ideas of India

Print edition : May 27, 2016

In the corridors of the Supreme Court of India, a file photograph. Photo: Monica Tiwari

Chief Justice of India T.S. Thakur addressing the Joint Conference of Chief Ministers and Chief Justices of High Courts in New Delhi on April 24. Photo: Shahbaz Khan/PTI

As the Supreme Court declared in 1981, the Constitution is a charter for social revolution. Photo: Rajeev Bhatt

India is caught between two conflicting visions of the nation—a progressive constitutional one and a conservative one—each with its own view of the role of the judiciary. The fundamental struggle between these has profound implications for the country’s judicial system.
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