Shattering of gestalt

Print edition : October 04, 2013

Rabindranath Tagore. He was a poet of faith in God, nature and man, while modernists were poets of doubt and at times despair. Photo: The Hindu Archives

The idioms and approaches of modernism differed from language to language and even ideologically modernism was no monolith. Writers such as Ayyappa Paniker stood primarily for the soverignity of the individual, while some others such as Sri Sri (above) had a radical socialist impulse in them.

K. Ayyappa Paniker Photo: The Hindu Archives

High modernism is considered to be confined to the realm of the aesthetic and that realm is considered to be autonomous. The writings of U.R. Ananthamurthy (above), V.K. Gokak, O.V. Vijayan. M. Mukundan, Sudara Ramaswamy and Nirmal Verma are examples of 'high modernism'. Photo: K. Gopinathan

V.K. Gokak Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

O.V. Vijayan Photo: Mahesh Harilal

M. Mukundan Photo: Thulasi Kakkat

Sundara Ramaswamy

Nirmal Verma Photo: S. Arneja.

Although the distinction between avant-garde and high modernism is tenuous, the works of writers such as Uday Prakash (above). Dilip Chitre, P. Lankesh and Namdeo Dhasal are taken as avant-garde practices that interrogate the status quo. Photo: PTI

Dilip Chitre Photo: R. Ragu

P. Lankesh Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

Namdeo Dhasal Photo: By Special Arrangement

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