December 19, 2008

Terrorist takeover

Print edition : February 06, 2015

The Taj Mahal hotel in Mumbai engulfed in smoke and flames on November 29, 2008, after the terrorist attack. Photo: PTI

NSG commandos getting down on the rooftop of Nariman House at Colaba, Mumbai, where militants were suspected to be holed up, on November 28, 2008. Photo: Vivek Bendre

The Taj Mahal hotel in Mumbai engulfed in smoke and flames on November 29, 2008, after the terrorist attack. Photo: INDRANIL MUKHERJEE/AFP

IT began at about 9 p.m. on November 26 and ended after a long and intense battle, at about 8-30 a.m. on November 29. In those 60 hours, in certainly the worst terrorist attack on India, a group of gunmen brought Mumbai to its knees. The bloody drama, which involved attacks in as many as 11 places in the city, left 183 people, including 22 foreigners, dead. It took a force of 477 National Security Guard (NSG) personnel, a unit of the marine commandos, six columns of the Army, and 400 members of the Mumbai Police to kill or conquer an estimated 10 men. Unconfirmed reports put the number of terrorists involved at 25.

Going by their targets, it seems clear that the terrorists knew the city extremely well and had done a thorough recce of the area. The Taj Mahal hotel at Apollo Bunder is one of the city’s well-known landmarks and is popular with foreign visitors.

Similarly, the Trident at Nariman Point is a luxury business hotel that attracts a huge number of foreigners as guests. Both hotels have shopping arcades and restaurants that are popular with local people and visitors from other cities in India. Informed sources say the terrorists were equipped with enough ammunition to carry out a major attack spanning several days. The planning and skill with which they carried out the attack indicated that they were trained by experts. They apparently had all details of the hotels’ plan and knew their every entry and exit point.

Gruesome stories are now coming from the hostages —of being shot at point-blank range with machine guns and of being trapped in rooms while fires raged in the buildings that were under siege. Of being held hostage at gunpoint and of having had to hide for hours not knowing whether they would make it out alive. The damage in physical and emotional terms to the city is massive and the recovery will be long and hard.

Initial reports say that on the night of November 26, a group of terrorists entered Mumbai via the sea. A rubber dinghy found at the Cuffe Parade fisherman’s colony confirms this. Eyewitness accounts from Koliwada, as it is known, say the boat docked at about 9-15 p.m. and a group of young men carrying backpacks got off silently. A woman who was standing nearby apparently asked them who they were, and they told her they were students. She said the group melted away quickly.

Meanwhile, reliable sources say, another boat landed at Sassoon Docks, which is another landing point for fishermen. At a press conference on November 30, after the operation was over, Maharashtra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh confirmed the arrival of the terrorists by sea. He also said that they believed that 10 terrorists had entered the city. “Other than at the Taj hotel where four people entered, they broke up into groups of two and carried out the attack at six locations,” he said.

At about 9-30 p.m., the first gunshots were heard outside the well-known Leopold Cafe on the Colaba Causeway. Almost simultaneously, there was shooting at the busy Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Following that, in what may be an attempt to get away, it is assumed that the same terrorists held the police in combat near the Cama and Albless Hospital near the railway station.

At about 10-30 p.m., sounds of firing and hand grenade explosions were heard from the area. The terrorists then held a gun to the head of a driver in a police car and fled the scene, shooting indiscriminately at onlookers at the Metro Cinema junction near the hospital.

As the city’s police force grappled with the crisis, terrorists entered Nariman House in Colaba and captured a Jewish family and three others. Another lot entered the five-star Taj Mahal hotel at Apollo Bunder, close to Colaba Causeway and the Gateway of India. At about the same time, another group stormed the five-star Trident hotel at Nariman Point, one of Mumbai’s business districts.

From then on a battle raged between the police and the terrorists. Maharashtra’s Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) chief Hemant Karkare lost his life when two terrorists shot at the jeep he was using to chase them near the Cama Hospital. Two other highly skilled police officers who were with Karkare, encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar and Assistant Commissioner of Police Ashok Kamte, also died.

Meanwhile, at 9-55 p.m., a blast in a taxi in Vile Parle, a western suburb, left three people dead. At 10-45 p.m., a blast in a taxi at Wadi Bunder injured at least six people in the vicinity.

At 10-50 p.m., the police managed to kill two terrorists in an encounter at Girgaum near Chowpatty in South Mumbai.

There are many theories about why the terrorists chose the particular locations. A plausible reason, according to an informed source, is that these places throng with foreigners. The terrorists also seemed to target upmarket areas.

The Taj Mahal and Oberoi hotels are the preferred choice of many foreign visitors and business travellers. Listed in India travel guides, Leopold Cafe is a favourite among backpackers. At any given time, the place is chock-a-block with tourists.

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the busiest and biggest stations in the country. At 9-30 p.m., the place is particularly crowded as several long-distance trains depart at that time and there are still thousands of commuters making their way home on the local trains. Nariman House has a Jewish religious centre called the Chabad. Israeli travellers come here for kosher food and prayers and to use the library.

A letter from the Editor


Dear reader,

The COVID-19-induced lockdown and the absolute necessity for human beings to maintain a physical distance from one another in order to contain the pandemic has changed our lives in unimaginable ways. The print medium all over the world is no exception.

As the distribution of printed copies is unlikely to resume any time soon, Frontline will come to you only through the digital platform until the return of normality. The resources needed to keep up the good work that Frontline has been doing for the past 35 years and more are immense. It is a long journey indeed. Readers who have been part of this journey are our source of strength.

Subscribing to the online edition, I am confident, will make it mutually beneficial.

Sincerely,

R. Vijaya Sankar

Editor, Frontline

Support Quality Journalism
This article is closed for comments.
Please Email the Editor
×