Water Resources

Grand revival

Print edition : March 06, 2015

Chintapatla residents standing on the tank bed of Lakshman Chervu, a 119-acre storage body that has remained dry for several years of the past decade. Photo: Kunal Shankar

In 1986-87, the Telangana region mostly depended on dug wells, meaning open wells where water was available at 20-30 feet underground. The utilisation of ground water as the main source of irrigation peaked in less than 10 years, with a fivefold increase in dug wells and a sevenfold increase in borewells. Subsequently, borewells have replaced dug wells as the main source of water, indicating an increase in drought.

The "blue" districts are areas where groundwater utilisation for irrigation is considered to be within "safe" limits, that is, replenishable limits. Semi-critical areas are those that are considered water scarce, or regions that depend overwhelmingly on groundwater. The data are from the undivided Andhra Pradesh State.

Telangana is faced with scarce water resources and the overuse of groundwater. The government’s flagship project Mission Kakatiya aims to revive the centuries-old tank irrigation network.
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