Essay

Ambedkar, Gandhi & Jinnah

Print edition : June 12, 2015

Back in India after the Round Table Conference in London, B.R. Ambedkar and Gandhi arrived at a compromise on reservation of seats and signed the Poona Pact on September 24, 1932, to enable Gandhi to call off his fast. Here, M.R. Jayakar, Tej Bahadur Sapru and Ambedkar at Yerwada jail on the day the pact was signed. Photo: The Hindu Archives

The opening of the first plenary session of the Round Table Conference on India at St. James' palace. The Congress boycotted the first session of the conference. As a result of the pact between Lord Irwin and Gandhi on March 5, 1931, Gandhi participated in the second session as the sole representative of the Congress. The first session had agreed on representation of "the Depressed Classes". Photo: The Hindu Archives

Gandhi and M.A. Jinnah. Gandhi offered to concede the demands of the Muslim Delegation, led by the Aga Khan, if it supported him in his opposition to Ambedkar's demand for separate electorates for the untouchables. The Muslims refused. The offer was made in writing in a document dated October 6, 1931. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

The inner history of the negotiations to give recognition to the untouchables as a separate political entity.
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