An Everest fact-sheet

Print edition : June 06, 2003

Japanese skier Yichiro Mirua, the first person to ski down the South Col of the Everest in 1970. - DEVENDRA M. SINGH/ AFP

Geological age: 600 million years.

Elevation: 8,850 metres; record at 8,852 metres in 1999. The mountain rises by a few millimetres each year due to tectonic action.

Named after: Sir George Everest, the Surveyor-General of India, in 1865.

Other names: Sagarmatha (Nepal); Chomolungma (Tibet)

First ascent: May 29, 1953, by Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand, and Tenzing Norgay, India/Nepal.

First person to reach the summit twice: Nawang Gombu, Nepal, in 1963 and 1965.

Temba Tseheri at 15 the youngest on the summit.-GOPAL CHITRAKAR/REUTERS

First ascent by a woman: Junko Tabei of Japan, on May 16, 1975.

First ascent without supplemental oxygen: Reinhold Messner of Italy and Peter Habeler of Austria, on May 8, 1978.

First winter ascent: February 17, 1980, by L. Cichy and K. Wielicki, Poland.

First solo ascent: Reinhold Messner, on August 20, 1983.

Fastest descent: Eleven minutes, by paragliding, by Mark Boivin of France, on May 3, 1988.

First person to hike from sea-level to summit: Australian Tim Macartney-Snape, on May 11, 1990.

Junko Tabei of Japan, the first woman to scale the Everest.-V.V. KRISHNAN

Fastest ascent from the north: Sixteen hours and 45 minutes from base camp by Italian Hans Kammerlander, on May 24, 1996.

Fastest ascent from the south: Sixteen hours and 56 minutes from base camp by Babu Chhiri Sherpa of Nepal, on May 21, 2000.

Most ascents: Appa Sherpa - 11 times, the last one on May 24, 2000, and all without oxygen.

First ski descent of the Everest: Davo Karnicar of Slovenia, on October 7, 2000.

Only mountaineer to climb all four sides of Everest: Kushang Sherpa of Nepal.

Youngest person on the summit: Temba Tseheri of Nepal, aged 15, on May 22, 2001. Nepal subsequently imposed a 16-year age qualification for climbers.

Oldest person on the summit: Sherman Bull, 64, of the U.S., on May 25, 2001.

First legally blind person on the summit: Erik Weihenmeyer of the U.S., on May 25, 2001.

A letter from the Editor

Dear reader,

The COVID-19-induced lockdown and the absolute necessity for human beings to maintain a physical distance from one another in order to contain the pandemic has changed our lives in unimaginable ways. The print medium all over the world is no exception.

As the distribution of printed copies is unlikely to resume any time soon, Frontline will come to you only through the digital platform until the return of normality. The resources needed to keep up the good work that Frontline has been doing for the past 35 years and more are immense. It is a long journey indeed. Readers who have been part of this journey are our source of strength.

Subscribing to the online edition, I am confident, will make it mutually beneficial.


R. Vijaya Sankar

Editor, Frontline

Support Quality Journalism
This article is closed for comments.
Please Email the Editor