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Wildlife

Nature’s early warning system

Butterfly species need to be conserved in real landscapes, not only because they deserve it in their own right but also because of their usefulness as sensitive indicators of environmental change and as an umbrella species whose targeted conservation benefits wider communities of lesser-known, threatened species.

 

A kaleidoscope of blue tiger butterflies.
A kaleidoscope of blue tiger butterflies.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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A flutter of mostly lime swallotails.
A flutter of mostly lime swallotails.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Evergreen forests are restricted to small patches in a few high-altitude areas of Sathyamangalam. The vegetation in the middle altitude slope comprises mixed and dry deciduous forests, while the foothills have thorn forests.
Evergreen forests are restricted to small patches in a few high-altitude areas of Sathyamangalam. The vegetation in the middle altitude slope comprises mixed and dry deciduous forests, while the foothills have thorn forests.Photo: Calvin Jose
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Yellow Pansy.
Yellow Pansy.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Yellow pansy.
Yellow pansy.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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African babul blue.
African babul blue.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Anomalous nawab.
Anomalous nawab.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Baronet.
Baronet.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Blue pansy.
Blue pansy.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Chocolate pansy.
Chocolate pansy.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Club beak.
Club beak.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common banded peacock.
Common banded peacock.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common emigrant.
Common emigrant.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common evening brown.
Common evening brown.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common Jezebel.
Common Jezebel.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common leopard.
Common leopard.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common wanderer.
Common wanderer.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common four ring.
Common four ring.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common grass yellow.
Common grass yellow.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Common gull.
Common gull.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Crimson rose.
Crimson rose.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Crimson tip.
Crimson tip.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Double-branded crow.
Double-branded crow.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Gram blue.
Gram blue.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Great orange-tip.
Great orange-tip.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Great eggfly.
Great eggfly.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Indian sunbeam.
Indian sunbeam.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Blue Mormon swallowtail.
Blue Mormon swallowtail.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Common castor.
Common castor.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Common baron.
Common baron.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Grass demon.
Grass demon.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Oriental straight swift.
Oriental straight swift.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Peacock pansy.
Peacock pansy.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Plain tiger.
Plain tiger.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Zebra blue.
Zebra blue.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Common palmfly.
Common palmfly.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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Lemon pansy.
Lemon pansy.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Lesser grass blue.
Lesser grass blue.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Indian palm bob.
Indian palm bob.Photo: K. Jayanthi
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A stream inside the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Erode district, Tamil Nadu.
A stream inside the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Erode district, Tamil Nadu.Photo: Calvin Jose
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The Sathyamangalam forests act as a corridor in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve between the Western and Eastern Ghats.
The Sathyamangalam forests act as a corridor in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve between the Western and Eastern Ghats.Photo: Calvin Jose
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Small Cupid.
Small Cupid.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Small grass jewel.
Small grass jewel.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Small orange-tip.
Small orange-tip.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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Tawny coster.
Tawny coster.Photo: Bhupathi Vignesh
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