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Architecture

Sanchi's Buddhist architecture

Stupa 3 which contained the relics of the Buddha's disciples Sariputta and Mahamogalana.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The Mahastupa, as seen from Monastery 51.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The Southern Gateway, showing the staircase to the terrace circumambulation. One can see the in situ remains of the Asokan pillar to the right of the gateway.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Mahastupa, or Stupa 1, as seen from the main entrance through the northern gateway.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The carvings in the Sanchi stupa complex show a variety of Buddhist motifs. Here, the upper panel on a pillar shows Dharmachakra; the middle one, a procession; and the lower one, Mara's (Brahma) cortege.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Ground balustrade and entrance at Stupa 2, decorated with mythological figures.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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A Buddha statue facing the eastern gateway.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The eastern gateway, one of the the four toranans located in the four cardinal directions.The gateways, built around the same time, form the crowning glory of Buddhist art at Sanchi.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The upper architrave (beam resting across pillars) shows the Great Departure of the prince Gautama. The lower one depicts Asoka's visit to the Bodhi tree.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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A carved panel on one of the gateways showing 'Walking on the River' miracle by the Buddha.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Stupa 2, located a little lower on the slope of the Sanchi hill. It does not have a gateway.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The Great Bowl, carved out of a single rock. It was used by the monks to store food and other offerings.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Temple 17, a remarkable example of Gupta period architecture. The shrine has no image now.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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The ruins of a towering temple and its attached monastery (Temple and Monastery 45) at the eastern extremity of the eastern area of the stupa complex.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Temple 18 built on an apsidal plan on a raised platform. The three different floors of the temple belong to the Maurya, the Shunga and the later Gupta period.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Remains of Asokan pillar. There are a number of free-standing pillars in Sanchi, most of which are in bits and pieces.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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Temple 31, with a Naga figure on the left.Photo: Shashank Shekhar Sinha
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