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Protecting biodiversity

While the grey slender loris, a primate species, is well protected in the Anshi-Dandeli Tiger Reserve (Karnataka), it is seriously threatened owing to loss of forest habitat.Photo: Anant Zanjale
With the adjoining Bandipur (Karnataka) and Wayanad (Kerala) protected areas, the biologically diverse Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) forms a large forested landscape.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The forest rest house at Supkhar; this Halon river valley part of the Kanha Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) may support the reintroduction of the wild buffalo in the near future.Photo: Sudhir Misra
The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve receives extremely good rainfall and supports a typical biodiversity of significant forest ecosystems, especially the shola-montane grassland complex.Photo: Anant Zanjale
At the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Bamboo has low resistance to biodegrading organisms and has disappeared from many areas of central India, but the protected areas in this part of the country are excellent repositories of this plant species.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Pench Tiiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) manages a good tiger population in tropical deciduous teak and mixed forests.Photo: Amit Pare
The Kaziranga National Park (Assam), a World Heritage Site and a biodiversity hot spot in the sub-Himalayan belt, conserves around two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceros.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Anamalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) is an important watershed area that supplies water for agriculture and power supply and supports, besides the endangered Nilgiri tahr (seen here), several major reservoirs.Photo: Anant Zanjale
Wild elephants at the Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand). Elephant conservation requires large areas so that they have space to forage and move around.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Wild Ass Sanctuary (Gujarat), a remarkable landscape renowned for its special biodiversity, is part of a transitional area between marine and terrestrial systems.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Rajaji National Park (Uttarakhand) is part of a very significant Shivalik ecosystem, the Himalayan foothills, and supports several forest types and is home to endangered floral and faunal species.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Nameri Tiger Reserve (Assam) also conserves the ibisbill, an endangered and unique wader of the flat, stony rivers of the high-altitude Himalayan valleys.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Malabar grey hornbill, an endangered fruit-eating bird, in the Anshi-Dandeli Tiger Reserve, which preserves a landscape of ecologically threatened forest types.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The Kanha National Park conserves large mosaics of forest, grassland and water, with typical floral and faunal species of the central Indian highlands.Photo: Anant Zanjale
Among the world’s most productive ecosystems, the mangrove forests of the Sunderbans are adapted to survive in the harsh interface between sea and land, protecting the shore.Photo: Anant Zanjale
The extremely beautiful sub-Himalayan Manas Tiger Reserve (Assam) is a biodiversity hot spot that has extensive alluvial grasslands and tropical evergreen forests, with a wide variety of floral and faunal species.Photo: Anant Zanjale
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Living on the edge

They are river people, whose lives ebb and flow with the waters of the Brahmaputra in a timeless rhythm. But now, hydroelectric projects and homogenis