Merkel in Serbia: For Western Balkans, 'Long way to go' until E.U. membership

Published : September 14, 2021 17:47 IST

Chancellor Angela Merkel hopes to breathe new life into stalled reforms in the Western Balkans. Photo: AFP/Getty Images

While Angela Merkel underscored her support of Serbia and other Western Balkan states joining the European Union, the outgoing German leader admitted a challenging road lay ahead.

During talks in Serbia on September 13, German Chancellor Angela Merkel held the door open for E.U. membership for Western Balkan countries, but was more cautious about the timeline. Her two-day visit to the region comes just weeks before Merkel is due to leave office, with the Chancellor vowing continuing German support for the region after her time as chancellor comes to an end.

What did Merkel say?

Speaking alongside Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, Merkel urged for progress towards E.U. membership to continue — but noted that changes need to be enacted. "I hope that we will soon get some momentum back in this entire process," she said.

"There is still a long way to go before Serbia and the whole region can finally become members of the European Union, as is our common goal," Merkel said. "We, who are already members of the European Union, should keep in mind that there is an absolute geostrategic interest for us to include these countries in the European Union," she emphasized. Merkel said the Serbian president vowed to make progress by the end of the year towards judicial reforms that are pre-requisites for membership in the 27-member bloc.

With regards to ongoing tensions between Serbia and Kosovo, Merkel stressed that the resolution of the conflict — and Serbia's recognition of Kosovo's independence — was also a prerequisite for becoming an E.U. member.

"I support a road map, in which all other questions will be solved ahead of time," Merkel said, noting that these questions must be resolved before the end of the membership process.

The end of an era — Merkel in the Balkans

With her time as Chancellor coming to a close when Germany heads to the polls on September 26, Merkel's decision to travel to the Western Balkans has drawn a spotlight on the region. The German chancellor has previously voiced optimism for six Western Balkan states ؅— Albania, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and North Macedonia — becoming members of the E.U.

In order to do so, the countries will have to enact widespread reforms — particularly to combat rule of law issues, corruption and nepotism. Independent media and critical voices in civil society are also increasingly under pressure in the region.

On September 14, Merkel will travel to Albania where she will have a meeting with leaders from Serbia, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Kosovo and Montenegro.

rs/wmr (Reuters, dpa)

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