Comrades in arms

Print edition : December 22, 2017

Petrograd, June 19, 1920: Lenin giving a speech at the second Comintern congress in Uritski Palace. Photo: Photographs: Getty Images

The Comintern called for the complete independence of all African countries. W.E.B. DuBois, the African-American intellectual, was the head of the Pan-African Congress, which fought for the independence of African colonies from European powers.

Jomo Kenyatta, the leader of Kenya’s independence struggle and its first President, studied in Moscow’s Communist University of the Toilers of the East in the 1920s. Photo: FOX PHOTOS

Frantz Fanon, the Algerian psychiatrist, philosopher and revolutionary.

Nelson Mandela, the African National Congress leader. Photo: AP

Kwame Nkrumah, became President of Ghana in 1960 and was dismissed in 1972. Photo: AFP

On November 11, 1975, Angola achieved full independence from the Portuguese. Agostinho Neto (above), who led the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in the war for independence and the civil war, became the first President of Angola (1975-79). Photo: AFP/Getty Images

Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania was a proponent of a centre-Left ideology inspired by Marxism Leninism. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

Sekou Toure, President of Guinea, Jwas a proponent of a centre-Left ideology inspired by Marxism Leninism. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

In the early 1960s, Che Guevara went to the Congo in an abortive attempt to unite the progressive forces in their fight against the puppet regime installed by the West. Photo: AFP

1957: Nikita Khrushchev with Ho Chi Minh of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Moscow. Cuba, Vietnam and other countries that had become part of the socialist camp were given preferential terms of trade by the Soviet Union. Photo: Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images

April 1963: At Krasnodarskiy Krayat, the country residence of Nikita Khrushchev in the Soviet Union, Cuban President Fidel Castro (second from left) chatting with the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev (left), and Khrushchev (right). Castro said that “without the existence of the Soviet Union, it would have been impossible for the Cuban revolution to exist”. Photo: AFP

Marxist MPLA fighters equipped with shoulder-fired rocket launchers and Soviet assault rifles near the town of Caxita during the civil war in Angola. Photo: Getty Images

May 13, 1964: Leaders of four states at a ceremony to start the first stage in the building of the Aswan Dam. From left, President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, Iraqi President Abdul Salam Arif and President of the Yemen Arab Republic Abdullah al-Sallal, push a button to blow up a huge sand barrage and divert the Nile into a canal, allowing the next stage of the dam to begin. Photo: AFP/Getty Images

MAY 15, 1988: The first column of the Soviet troops return from Afghanistan in conformity with the Geneva accrods. Photo: SOVOFOTO/UIG via Getty Images

The October Revolution had a profound impact on the developing world. The people of the global South, in Africa, Asia and Latin America, looked to Moscow for support in their struggle to free themselves form the yoke of colonial rule.
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