Assam, Northeast India and the “unfinished business” of Partition

Print edition :

Protesters against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill burning tyres in Guwahati during the Assam bandh, on December 10, called by North East Students’ Organisation. Photo: Ritu Raj Konwar

It is hard not to see the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill as a major move to introduce into Indian citizenship laws a distinction between Hindu and Muslim immigrants crossing Partition borders. While this marks a historic departure from India’s long-standing disavowal of the Two Nation Theory, in the immediate context it translates into a selective faith-based amnesty for a large segment of the 1.9 million people not included in the National Register of Citizens in Assam.
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