Article 35A

What Article 35A implies

Print edition : March 29, 2019

Houseboats on the Jhelum in Srinagar, a 1953 picture. Said Nehru in 1952: "Although most of their rights were taken away from the Maharaja under the British rule, the Maharaja stuck to this that nobody from outside should acquire land there [in Kashmir]. And that continues." Photo: The Hindu Archives

November 1947: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru addressing a gathering in Srinagar. Sheikh Abdullah, the Kashmir Premier, is sitting on a chair. Photo: The Hindu Archives

A view of the camping ground at Panchtarni on the way to Amarnath cave temple. An August 1954 photograph. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

Kashmir Traders Association protesting against the petitions filed in the Supreme Court challenging the validity of Article 35A, in Srinagar on August 5, 2018. Photo: NISSAR AHMAD/THE HINDU

Jammu and Kashmir’s autonomy is guaranteed by Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. Its people’s ancient rights are guaranteed by Article 35A, which is part of the Delhi Agreement between two governments, of India and of Jammu and Kashmir, concluded 65 years ago. But the Narendra Modi government has taken the judicial route to challenge these and implement its agenda.
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