Mumbai's architectural heritage

A unique ensemble

Print edition :

A bird’s-eye view of the Victorian Gothic buildings of Mumbai University and the city civil court in the foreground with the Oval Maidan in the centre and the Art Deco precinct on the other side. Photo: Jehangir Sorabjee

A typical Mumbai juxtaposition of new and old: the Big Ben-like Rajabai Clock Tower of the University of Mumbai and the Bombay Stock Exchange. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

Victorian Gothic buildings at Kala Ghoda, a part of the Fort precinct. At the centre of this cluster of tiled-roof buildings are the Elphinstone College, the David Sassoon Library, the Army and Navy Building and the city civil court. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

Eros cinema, which still stands today, is an iconic work of the Art Deco style. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

The Art Deco buildings of Marine Drive from the First World War era. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

Marine Drive’s Art Deco buildings in the modern setting with the Brabourne Stadium and a strip of Victorian Gothic structures in the middle distance. Photo: Jehangir Sorabjee

Turrets, spires, finials and balustrades all come together to create a dramatic background for the marble statue of Sir Cowasjee Jehangir at the Convocation Hall of the University of Mumbai. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

Indianised detailing such as this turbaned head at the university is typical of Mumbai’s Victoran Gothic buildings. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

The Convocation Hall. Sir George Gilbert Scott designed it from his office in London and it was built between 1869 and 1874. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

A classic Mumbai heritage skyline of Victorian Gothic and Indo Saracenic architecture. Photo: Abha Narain Lambah Associates

Art Deco details of balconies, windows and facades of buildings opposite the Oval Maidan. Photo: Bombay Deco by Sharada Dwivedi and Rahul Mehrotra

Mumbai’s Victorian Gothic and Art Deco buildings, collectively unparalleled, make it to the World Heritage List.
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